Fundamentals of Plant Physiology
  • Fundamentals of Plant Physiology

Fundamentals of Plant Physiology

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According to New Revised Syllabus w.e.f. 2009 PUNE, Maharashtra (INDIA)

Text Book of Fundamentals of Plant Physiology

SY BSc (General) Sem-I

Author : Dr. Hema Sane, Mahajan Thakur, Khairnar, Deshmukh & Shinde

Book ID : 1199

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About the Book

Botany is an integrative science both drawing from and contributing to various fields of knowledge. Plant physiology is the basic branch in botany hence it plays significant role almost in all related fields in botany, like agriculture, horticulture, plant breeding, tissue culture, biotechnology, genetics, medical botany, etc. Plant Physiology is the science which deals with the functions of cells, tissues, organs or the plant as a whole and includes the study of the vital activities of the plants like absorption of water and Minerals from soil, photosynthesis, respiration, nitrogen metabolism, growth, etc.

This book has been written for the benefit of students pursuing B.Sc. Botany. However, the book will also be beneficial for students pursuing other life science courses. All topics are covered in a systematic manner. The language used is simple and self explanatory. Neatly labeled diagrams, charts and graphs with explanation are provided for the benefit of students.

Contents

1. Introduction to Plant Physiology

1.1 Why to study plant physiology?

1.2 History of plant physiology

1.3 Plants as organic laboratories

1.4 Survey of different organic compounds present in plants

1.5 Applications of plant physiology

2. Bio-Physical Phenomena in the Plant Cells

2.1 Introduction

2.2 Energy transduction in the cells

2.3 Bioenergetics

2.4 Solutions, suspensions and colloids

2.5 Permeability

2.6 Diffusion

2.7 Osmosis

2.8 Plasmolysis

2.9 Imbibition

3. Absorption of Water

3.1 Water the elixir of life-role of water in plant life

3.2 Structure of water molecule, physicochemical properties of water

3.3 Sources of water, soil water, gravitational water, hygroscopic water, capillary water

3.4 Types of soil

3.5 Root hair-water absorbing part of the plant

3.6 Mechanism of water absorption 7

3.7 Factors affecting water absorption

4. Ascent of Sap

4.1 Introduction

4.2 Mechanism of ascent of sap

4.3 Factors affecting ascent of sap

5. Transpiration

5.1 Introduction

5.2 Transpiration and evaporation

5.3 Significance of transpiration

5.4 Types of transpiration

5.5 Mechanism of transpiration

5.6 Pathway of stomatal transpiration

5.7 Stomata

5.8 Theories explaining stomatal opening and closing

5.9 Factors affecting the rate of transpiration

5.10 Antitranspirants

6. Mineral Nutrition

6.1 Introduction

6.2 Essential elements

6.3 Criterion for essentiality

6.4 Methods of assessment of essentiality

6.5 Major and minor elements

6.6 Role and deficiency symptoms of N, P and K

6.7 Role of micronutrients in agriculture and horticulture

6.8 Role of fungi/mycorrhiza in agriculture

6.9 Liquid fertilizers

6.10 Foliar nutrition

6.11 Ion antagonism

6.12 Plants as mineral indicators

7. Mineral Salt Absorption

7.1 Introduction

7.2 Soil solution

7.3 Soil pH and availability of nutrients

7.4 Regions of the root involved in absorption

7.5 Mechanism of salt absorption

7.6 Factors affecting salt absorption

7.7 Difference between active and passive salty absorption

8. Plant Growth

8.1 Introduction

8.2 Growth and development

8.3 Regions of growth

8.4 Growth at different levels

8.5 Growth curve and grand period of growth

8.6 Kinetics of growth

8.7 Measurement of growth

8.8 Factors affecting growth

9. Plant Growth Regulators

9.1 Introduction

9.2 Auxins

9.3 Gibberellins

9.4 Cytokinins

9.5 Ethylene

9.6 Abscisic acid

10. Physiology of Flowering

10.1 Introduction

10.2 Regulation of sexulaity

10.3 Photoperiodism

10.4 Flowering hormone

10.5 Phytochrome and flowering

10.6 Endogenous rhythm

10.7 Hypothesis for photoperiodism

10.8 C/N ratio

10.9 Vernalization

10.10 Applications of knowledge of photoperiodism and vernalization